The word berry is used for many different kinds of small fruits that have many seeds and can be eaten. Some examples are strawberry, raspberry, blueberry, and lingonberry. A berry can be either one fruit (like strawberry) or many fruits joined together like raspberry).Berries are small, sweet, juicy, bright coloured fruits. Due to this, they are able to bring more animals towards them and spread their seeds. They are used in cooking, especially to prepare delicious jams.
The variety known as loganberry is a hybrid produced from crossing a blackberry and a raspberry.
The miracle berry, when eaten, causes sour foods (such as lemons and limes) subsequently consumed to taste sweet. Rose hips (also called rose haws) are the fruit of the rose plant. They can be eaten and have a lot of Vitamin C. It is usually red/orange but may be dark purple to black in some species. Rose hips are commonly used as an herbal tea, jam, jelly, syrup, beverages, pies, bread, and marmalade.
In World War II, the people of England gathered wild-grown rose hips and made a Vitamin C syrup for children. This was because German submarines were sinking many commercial ships: citrus fruits from the tropics were very difficult to import.
In daily life, grapes, currants, cranberries, blueberries, gooseberries, strawberries, blackberries, raspberries and boysenberris, are berries. However, botanists (people who study plants) say that strawberries, blackberries, raspberries and boysenberries are not berries. Instead, they say that tomatoes, eggplants (brinjals), guavas, pomegranates and chillies are berries. Pumpkins, cucumbers, melons, oranges and lemons are modified (changed) berries.
* Glossary: Some berries and their Spanish equivalents
blackcurrant: grosella negra
cranberry: arándano rojo
elderberry: baya de saúco
rose hip: escaramujo
sloe: endrina / arañón